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Low blood pressure is an unpleasant thing, but most often it is safe. However, hypotension attacks should never be ignored.
What is low blood pressure and why is it dangerous?
Remember the boundary level – 90/60. As long as the tonometer shows you these or higher values, everything is in order. But as soon as any of the numbers decreases – even the first, even the second – we can talk about low pressure.
There is an important nuance here. If everything is clear with high blood pressure: it is categorically dangerous for everyone, then low blood pressure may just be your feature. As long as it does not spoil life with ailments, it is not considered a violation, it does not need to be fought.
Another thing is if the following symptoms appear:
- dizziness, up to the point where it seems that you are about to lose consciousness;
- blurred vision;
- decrease in concentration.
This complex seriously spoils life, interferes with work and communication. But most importantly, low blood pressure, if accompanied by unpleasant symptoms, is actually just a symptom.
The causes of low blood pressure can be very different: from simple dehydration and stress to hormonal disorders, internal bleeding and myocardial infarction.
It is important to find out what exactly causes hypotension and start treatment. When the underlying disease is defeated, the pressure normalizes by itself.
When to call an ambulance
As soon as you notice in yourself or a loved one not only a greatly reduced pressure, but also
- cold, clammy and pale skin;
- fast shallow breathing;
- weak and fast pulse;
These are signs of the so-called acute arterial hypotension (collapse, shock). This condition is life-threatening. It can lead to hypoxia of the brain and internal organs. Therefore, it is impossible to delay seeking medical help.
How to quickly increase blood pressure at home
Recall: if low pressure has unpleasant symptoms, go to a therapist. Otherwise, you risk missing a possible hidden and much more global problem. But while you have not reached the doctor or the specialist has not yet established the causes of the ailment, you can use simple home methods to increase blood pressure. Choose the most comfortable for you or combine them.
1. Eat something salty
A piece of herring, pickled cucumber, a couple of slices of cheese or other pickled cheese, a spoonful of rice generously seasoned with soy sauce …
Sodium chloride (the same table salt ) increases blood pressure. Sometimes sharply, so salt is categorically contraindicated for people suffering from hypertension.
Attention! You can not constantly increase the pressure salty. Too much sodium can lead to heart failure, especially in older people.
2. Drink a glass of water
And two is better, if you fit. The liquid will increase the volume of blood (as a result, its pressure on the walls of blood vessels), and also eliminate possible dehydration.
3. Put on compression socks or stockings
Elastic stockings are commonly used to reduce swelling and pain in varicose veins. But in addition, they reduce the volume of blood in the legs. The expelled blood will increase the pressure in the main vessels of the body. Just wear your stockings correctly .
4. Take the right posture
This is a kind of alternative to compression stockings.
If you are sitting, cross your legs. So you reduce the volume of blood in the lower extremities and increase the pressure in the main vessels. By the way, therefore, people suffering from hypertension , this position is contraindicated.
If you are standing, you can cross your hips like scissors and squeeze them hard. The effect will be about the same.
Another option: put one foot on a chair or bench in front of you and lean forward as far as possible with your whole body.
5. Drink coffee
This is one of the most popular methods, but not the fact that it is effective. Caffeine can actually increase blood pressure in people who rarely drink coffee. But if you are a coffee lover, the desired effect will not necessarily come.
How to permanently increase blood pressure without drugs
We repeat: with the help of a doctor who will establish the causes of your condition and prescribe a treatment regimen. To relieve the symptoms, the doctor will prescribe drugs that return low blood pressure to normal.
However, you can help the body by making some lifestyle changes. Here is what doctors advise to do with hypotension:
- Drink more water, especially if it’s hot outside or you have a fever.
- Limit your alcohol intake. Avoid alcohol altogether if possible.
- Exercise regularly or at least walk more: physical activity improves vascular tone.
- Try not to stand in one place for a long time. If you have a standing job, warm up more often: walk. squat, jump, dance.
- Do not take long hot baths. A healthier option is a contrast shower.
- Reduce the amount of carbohydrates in your diet. If you want something sweet, eat fruit.
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