How to paint walls for those who are not painters at all

1. Prepare tools and materials

Here is a list of what you will need:

  • dye;
  • wide roller;
  • narrow roller;
  • roller extension;
  • tassel;
  • wide brush;
  • paint tray;
  • scapula;
  • masking tape;
  • film;
  • gloves;
  • screwdriver.

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2. Calculate the amount of paint

In order not to run to the store for the missing can, it is important to immediately estimate the right amount of material. To do this, it is necessary to divide the area of u200bu200bthe walls by the paint consumption, multiply by the number of layers and add 10-15% in reserve. As an example, let’s calculate how much paint is needed for a room (4.5 x 3 m) with one window (1.4 x 1.6 m) and a door (2.1 x 0.7 m). Ceiling height – 3 m.

First, find the total surface area. To do this, calculate the perimeter of the room and multiply it by the height of the ceilings:

(4.5 + 4.5 + 3 + 3) × 3 = 45 m²

Now let’s determine the net color area. To do this, we calculate the area of window and door openings, and then subtract it from the total area of u200bu200bthe walls:

45 – (1.4 × 1.6 + 2.1 × 0.7) = 41.29 m²

And finally, find out how much total paint is needed. To do this, divide the net painting area by the paint consumption per square meter (indicated on the label), multiply by the number of layers (usually two) and add 15% in reserve:

(41.29 ÷ 10) × 2 + 15% = 9.5 liters

3. Remove or protect anything that gets in the way

Before starting work, it is necessary to remove everything unnecessary from the room and protect surfaces that will not be painted from splashes.

Take out the furniture and all other items, and what cannot be removed, put in the middle of the room and cover with a film. Wrap the heating radiators with it or remove them. Cover the floors with a thick film or several layers of newspapers.

Illustration: Artyom Kozoriz / Lifehacker

De-energize sockets and switches, remove covers from them and cover with masking tape. Also paste over skirting boards, platbands, slope edges and other adjacent surfaces so as not to splatter them.

4. Prepare the walls

Illustration: Artyom Kozoriz / Lifehacker

When painting, the surface must be perfectly flat . Otherwise, the paint will lie unevenly and all the flaws will then appear even more strongly.

Remove layers of old paint and wallpaper with a spatula, clean the surface well. Putty all the smallest cracks, dents and bumps, and after complete drying, carefully sand with a fine-grained sandpaper.

5. Apply a primer

Illustration: Artyom Kozoriz / Lifehacker

Before painting, the walls must be primed: after such treatment, the paint will lie more evenly and will hold better. In addition, by reducing the absorbency of the surface, paint consumption will be significantly reduced.

Using a wide, medium pile roller, apply the primer to the walls. Make sure there are no untreated areas. Don’t rush and don’t let it run. Let the soil dry completely. It usually takes about 2 hours, the exact time is indicated on the label.

6. Prepare the paint

Illustration: Artyom Kozoriz / Lifehacker

Stir the paint thoroughly with a wooden spatula for several minutes. You can use the mixer, but at the lowest speed to prevent the formation of bubbles.

Fill the tray with paint about a third: if you pour more, it will be inconvenient to dip the roller. Close the jar tightly immediately so that the paint does not dry out.

If you wrap the tray with a layer of foil, then after work it will be enough to remove and discard it. The bathroom itself will remain clean.

Do not dip the roller completely. Roll it a few times over the surface of the paint and then over the top of the tray to distribute the material evenly. Pre-moisten the roller in water and wring it out: this way the paint will better saturate the fur coat and will be well applied to the wall from the very beginning.

7. Finish off the corners

For the best result and faster work, all the corners and contours of the junctions are first carefully painted over, and then the main surface. There are two main options for performing layering.

Illustration: Artyom Kozoriz / Lifehacker

First: using a small brush, slowly paint over stripes 5-7 cm wide along the ceiling moldings, in the corners, at the baseboards, as well as around radiators, sockets and switches. To protect the ceiling, you can seal the blade of the spatula with masking tape and, applying it to a corner, calmly paint with a brush.

Second option: glue the joints to the ceiling and other surfaces with masking tape , smoothing the joint well with a spatula so that paint does not flow there. The entire surface of the tape does not need to be smoothed, otherwise the adhesive tape will then be difficult to remove.

The adhesive tape on the ceiling can additionally be painted along the edge with white paint: this way it will immediately fall into the gap and after painting the wall with a different color, the border will be perfect.

8. Apply the first coat of paint

Illustration: Artyom Kozoriz / Lifehacker

Before starting work, close doors and windows to prevent drafts and retain moisture – so the paint will dry more slowly and evenly. Additionally, you can spray water with a spray gun, as well as seal the windows with a film to protect from direct sunlight.

If the paint is thick, then for the first layer it can be diluted according to the instructions on the can – usually 5-10% pure water is added to the total volume. To avoid streaks, do not skimp and get enough paint on the roller.

Cut the pile at the edges of the roller at an angle of 45°, and the joints of adjacent strips will not be so noticeable.

Start painting from the corner. Use the roller extension to roll continuous strips from ceiling to floor without stopping. Each subsequent strip should overlap the previous one by 3–4 cm.

Spread the paint evenly, being careful not to make the layer too thick. Gradually move from one corner to another. Don’t stop until you finish painting the wall, and only then move on to the next one or take a break.

9. Apply a second coat

Illustration: Artyom Kozoriz / Lifehacker

You can start painting the next layer only after the previous one has dried, otherwise the roller will tear off the paint and all the work will go down the drain. In the warm season, it usually takes about 2 hours, see the instructions for the paint for the exact time.

The second layer should be painted in exactly the same way as the first, the only difference is that the paint does not need to be diluted.

10. Remove masking tape

Illustration: Artyom Kozoriz / Lifehacker

After everything is painted, it is important to remove the adhesive tape that protects the contours and adjoining walls. This should be done 15-20 minutes after applying the second layer. If you hesitate, the paint will dry out and the masking tape will tear it off. Be careful not to damage the paint edges.

It takes about a day to completely dry, depending on the temperature in the room and the type of paint used.

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