On average, an adult healthy person runs to the toilet 6-7 times a day. Up to 10 times is also considered the norm – if at the same time you feel good and are sure that you have visited the restroom just as often before.
But if the urge to urinate began to appear more often for no obvious reason, this is not a good signal.
When to seek immediate help
Consult a physician as soon as possible or, depending on how you feel, call an ambulance if, in addition to frequent urination, the following symptoms are present:
- blood in the urine ;
- urine red or dark brown;
- severe pain when urinating ;
- sharp pain in the side, lower abdomen or groin;
- problems with urination – you can not pee, although you really want to;
- a strong, unbearable urge to write that you cannot contain;
- loss of control over the bladder – it is emptied often and without your desire;
What are the causes of frequent urination
Sometimes frequent urination, although it looks suspicious, is completely normal. Here are the common reasons for constant visits to the toilet.
1. You drank coffee, although you haven’t done so for a long time.
Despite the common stereotype, coffee is by no means a diuretic. It does not cause fluid loss in excess of that which entered the body with the drink itself.
But there is one exception. If you drink 2-3 cups of strong coffee in a row, the diuretic effect can become pronounced . However, this applies only to those people who have not pampered themselves with this drink for a long time.
If you are used to drinking coffee every day, you can’t write off frequent urination on it. Look for other reasons.
2. You drink strong drinks
Alcohol is a powerful and fast diuretic. Once in the body, it inhibits the action of the hormone vasopressin, one of whose functions is to force the kidneys to retain the necessary moisture.
When there is a lot of alcohol, and vasopressin, respectively, is small, the kidneys relax. And, filtering the blood, they begin to expel fluid from the body. This leads to frequent urination as well as severe dehydration. Hence dry mouth, headache, weakness and other hangover delights.
3. You are a pregnant woman
During pregnancy, the uterus increases in size and presses on the bladder. He, in turn, more often informs the hostess: something is not right, it’s probably time to go to the toilet.
Frequent urination is observed mainly in the third, but sometimes in the first trimester. This is due to the fact that at the very beginning of pregnancy, the body has not yet adapted to the changes taking place in it and reacts to them more vividly.
4. You are a man and have prostate problems.
The prostate is a ping pong ball-sized gland located between the bladder and rectum. She slowly grows throughout her life. And in some cases, it can become so large (in this case they talk about an enlarged prostate) that it begins to put pressure on the bladder.
Prostatitis can also lead to an increase in the size of the prostate – this is the name of the inflammatory process in the gland. Inflammation is not associated with age and can also occur in young men. Its distinguishing feature (besides the constant desire to write) is soreness in the lower abdomen or back.
5. You have a urinary tract or bladder disease
Most often it is an infection. Bacteria that have entered the urinary system cause inflammation and painful swelling of the tissues. The bladder is under pressure – and you begin to want to go to the toilet more often.
In extremely rare cases, frequent urination indicates bladder cancer.
6. You have developing diabetes
Frequent urination is one of the most common early signs of diabetes . In this disease, the body cannot control blood sugar levels. To remove excess and harmful glucose from the bloodstream, the kidneys work harder than usual and remove sugar along with the increased volume of urine.
The loss of fluid leads to the fact that a person is constantly thirsty. This is also one of the early symptoms of the disorder.
7. You are a woman and you have vaginitis.
This is called inflammation of the vagina. With vaginitis, the walls of the vagina swell and again put pressure on the bladder.
8. You are a woman and have genital prolapse
It is also a prolapse of the genitals. In some cases, the muscles of the internal genital organs weaken (this happens, for example, after a difficult birth) and the uterus or appendages fall down, sometimes literally falling out of the vagina.
This problem is reflected in the activity of the bladder: you want to go to the toilet more often.
9. It may be a neurological problem
Disorders such as multiple sclerosis or a stroke can lead to an overactive bladder. This is a condition in which the walls of the bubble begin to contract involuntarily from time to time – even if there is very little liquid inside.
10. You have a tumor in one of the pelvic organs
The tumor may also be benign. In any case, an increase in any of the organs that are neighbors of the bladder can provoke frequent urination.
What to do with frequent urination
Start by monitoring how you feel throughout the day. If nothing hurts you, and the urge to urinate becomes less frequent, then everything is in order. Perhaps you ate too much coffee or, for example, ate a watermelon.
If urination remains frequent for a day or more, be sure to consult a therapist. Here’s what the doctor will ask about:
- how much and how often you drink;
- whether you are taking any medications (some medications have a diuretic effect);
- whether you drink alcohol.
In addition, the doctor will ask you about additional symptoms. Maybe it’s a nagging pain, even mild, in the lower abdomen, increased thirst, or a tingling sensation in the fingers (sometimes this is a sign of neurological problems). Be sure to tell your therapist about any recent symptoms you feel.
You will most likely be asked to take blood and urine tests. Based on the results of the examination, the doctor will make a diagnosis and prescribe the most appropriate treatment.
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