When do babies start teething?
On average, the first tooth in infants appears at the age of about 6 months. But it’s also okay if it erupts at 4 or 12.
In what order are teeth cut?
The timing of teething in different children is different, but there are average values. As a rule, teeth begin to grow in pairs.
- Central incisors: upper at 8–12 months, lower at 6–10.
- Lateral incisors: upper at 9–13 months, lower at 10–16.
- Canines: upper at 16–22 months, lower at 17–23.
- First premolars: upper at 13–19 months, lower at 14–18.
- Second premolars: upper at 25–33 months, lower at 23–31.
Usually, by the age of 2.5, the baby has all 20 milk teeth.
What are the normal symptoms of teething
In some children, teeth come out unnoticed by the parents, and someone suffers with each new one.
It has been proven that teething is characterized by:
- excessive salivation;
- constant desire to chew something;
- capriciousness and irritability;
- a slight increase in temperature (no more than 38 ° C);
- painful and sensitive gums.
Some doctors also associate reddening of the cheek on one side, the desire of the baby to constantly pull on the earlobe, irritation on the face and worsening sleep with the appearance of teeth.
Sometimes, when teething, cysts appear – accumulations of fluid under the gum. If blood is mixed with them, hematomas are obtained. They do not require treatment and go away when the tooth breaks through the gum. If they last longer than two weeks, you may need to visit the dentist.
What are the symptoms to see a doctor
About six months, the child immediately gets acquainted with a large number of microorganisms, because he has a food interest and a desire to taste everything. Around the same time, the number of protective antibodies that are transmitted from the mother with milk decreases. Therefore, the baby’s body becomes more susceptible to infections.
But parents often do not pay attention to the symptoms of diseases and think that cutting teeth are to blame for everything. This is dangerous because you can miss something serious.
Contact your doctor if:
- temperature above 38 °C;
- have diarrhea;
- the child refuses to eat or drink;
- he has an unusually sick appearance.
How to relieve the symptoms of teething in children
Each child will work differently . So try everything and choose the right one:
- Teethers – they are cooled or not.
- Massage the gums with a clean towel.
- Pieces of vegetables and fruits that can be chewed. But do not leave the child alone with food – there is a risk of choking.
- Games and hugs to distract from the pain.
- If necessary, over-the-counter painkillers based on ibuprofen and paracetamol.
What Not to Do When Your Baby is Teething
Some methods will hurt more than help.
Sweetened teethers or cookies with sugar
You do not need to dip the rodents in honey or syrup, and also offer sweet crackers or cookies. This can lead to caries .
Homeopathic and herbal remedies
Laboratory analysis of some over-the-counter products showed that the composition differs from that indicated on the label. Some contained more belladonna than the manufacturer claimed. In overdose, it causes convulsions and respiratory arrest, so even harmless drugs can be dangerous.
Gels with anesthetics
There is little evidence that gels help . Most likely, the fact is that children quickly lick them off. And products that contain lidocaine and benzocaine are dangerous to health.
Benzocaine is not recommended because it sometimes causes severe allergic reactions, suffocation and blueness of the skin. And lidocaine, in the worst case, can lead to convulsions, respiratory arrest and death. Therefore, it is better to abandon them, since the potential benefits are not commensurate with the risks.
There is an opinion that amber beads can help. Allegedly, they secrete succinic acid, which relieves inflammation if they are chewed. But this has not been proven. But they are definitely unsafe to use, because the child can suffocate.
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