1. Cut your nails properly
Careful care will help to avoid the problem of ingrown nails. You can remove excess with nail scissors, nippers or a nail file. You need to cut your nails in a straight line, leaving 1-2 mm of free edge. Don’t cut corners or try to round or point your nails.
If the finger around the nail plate is reddened, sore and festering, most likely the nail has already begun to grow in . Do not cut it yourself – this can exacerbate the problem. It is better to consult a podiatrist. If necessary, the specialist will install a correction system – for example, a titanium thread or a plate.
2. Choose the right shoes
The habit of wearing tight shoes leads to more than just blisters. In the future, you may encounter bursitis – a painful bony bump on the thumb. Shoes that don’t fit cause ingrown toenails and exacerbate varicose veins if you already have them.
To choose the right pair, follow these simple guidelines:
- Look for shoes that fit the shape of your foot. Take a sheet with your footprint to the store and attach it to the shoes you like. If the shoes are narrower or shorter than the imprint, it is better not to even try them on.
- Make sure that there is about 1 centimeter between the toes and the edge of the boot. This distance is enough for the leg to move forward while walking. When trying on, wiggle your fingers – they should move freely.
- Keep in mind that shoe sizes change with age. Feet may become larger and wider. Therefore, it is better to measure them every time before choosing new shoes. If one foot is larger than the other, choose the size that matches the larger foot.
Some people require orthopedic insoles. They help with pain in the heels, lower back, general discomfort in the legs. If you feel uncomfortable symptoms, consult an orthopedist.
3. Control your sugar levels
Foot problems are common in people with diabetes. The disease causes nerve damage that results in loss of sensation in the legs . A person may not notice a pebble in a sock or a blister on their foot, leading to cuts and sores. In addition, the volume of blood flow in the legs decreases , and wounds heal worse.
In order to avoid type II diabetes, it is important to eat right and move more. Include in your diet fruits and non-starchy vegetables, legumes, nuts and oily fish – mackerel, tuna, cod. Spend at least 30 minutes a day of physical activity – vigorous walking, running, cycling. Try not to sit for a long time without moving. If you work at a computer, get up from your desk every half an hour.
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