Why is ADHD dangerous in adults and can it be dealt with

What is ADHD and how common is it in adults?

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a disorder that includes concentration problems, excessive motor activity, and impulsive behavior. Typically, this condition is diagnosed in children between 3 and 7 years of age, but its symptoms often persist as they grow older.

In one scientific paper, it was noted that the syndrome occurs in 5.2% of children, and more than half of them retain symptoms at a later age.

According to various sources, from 2.5 to 4.9% of adults suffer from ADHD.

However, due to the lack of research in adults, it is much more difficult to diagnose this syndrome.

Often a person is not even aware of having a disorder until they encounter similar symptoms in their children. Also, often the reason for the appeal is not the attention deficit disorder itself, but the depression and anxiety associated with it.

How to recognize ADHD in adults

Unlike children, hyperactivity is less common in adults. In other words, they have no problem sitting still without twitching. But inattention and impulsivity remain, although they may be milder than in children. Other symptoms of ADHD in adults may include:

  • carelessness and lack of attention to detail;
  • the desire to constantly take on new tasks and the inability to bring them to the end;
  • poor organization skills;
  • inability to concentrate and prioritize;
  • permanent loss of things;
  • forgetfulness ;
  • restlessness and irritability;
  • inability to remain silent, the desire to constantly chat;
  • inability to give a clear answer, tendency to interrupt others;
  • mood swings, irritability and short temper;
  • inability to cope with stress;
  • extreme impatience;
  • risk-taking without fear of self or others, such as reckless driving.

Many people periodically experience similar symptoms, but this does not yet indicate the presence of a disorder . If the difficulties have appeared recently or occur from time to time, most likely you do not have ADHD.

If similar symptoms have haunted you since childhood and cause problems in different areas of life, perhaps they are really associated with attention deficit disorder.

What threatens ADHD in adults

First of all, the symptoms of ADHD can interfere with work activities. This is especially true for professions in which attention to detail, high concentration and punctuality are important.

People with Attention Deficit Disorder have difficulty learning new skills, failing to complete tasks, failing to multitask, and may experience communication problems.

All this interferes with the proper performance of duties, can lead to loss of work and difficulties in finding employment. As a result, people with ADHD often experience financial difficulties. They can be joined by problems with the law and the abuse of alcohol and drugs.

Risk-taking and inattention can cause traffic accidents and accidents, while impulsiveness and irritability can prevent you from building stable warm relationships, making friends and family.

In addition, people with attention deficit disorder often suffer from low self-esteem, poor physical health and mental disorders, which further complicates life and can lead to suicide attempts.

Thus, ADHD affects almost all areas of life and, without treatment, can significantly reduce its quality.

How is ADHD diagnosed in adults?

There are no specific tests that will accurately determine the presence of ADHD in adults, and therefore the diagnosis is made by evaluating several factors.

One of the reliable criteria is the presence of attention deficit disorder in childhood. There is an opinion that if the disorder did not manifest itself at an early age, it cannot occur when the person has already grown up.

In addition, the presence of relatives with the same problems matters. Since ADHD is inherited in 75% of cases, similar symptoms in parents and siblings increase the risk of a positive diagnosis.

In addition, risk factors include low birth weight, smoking, and maternal substance use during pregnancy . May play a role and exposure to toxic substances in childhood.

Physical and mental health assessments may also be needed. Symptoms similar to ADHD can be caused by thyroid problems, seizures, sleep disorders, brain injury, low blood sugar (hypoglycemia), substance use, and certain medications.

In addition, ADHD in adults often presents with comorbidities, including depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder , and personality disorder.

After evaluating all the factors, the doctor will be able to make a diagnosis and begin treatment.

Is it possible to completely cure ADHD and how to do it

It is not possible to get rid of ADHD completely, but with the right combination therapy, you can significantly alleviate the symptoms and improve the quality of life. Typically, this disorder is treated in two ways.

1. Medication. Pharmacotherapy most often includes drugs with methylphenidate, a substance that regulates the amount of neurotransmitters norepinephrine and dopamine and has a stimulating effect on the central nervous system.

If side effects occur, the doctor may prescribe medications with atomoxetine and antidepressants. Unlike methylphenidate, they do not have an immediate effect, but they are still considered a good option if you cannot take stimulants due to health problems.

2. With the help of psychotherapy. Classes with a psychotherapist help a person improve self-organization and time management skills, teach them to restrain impulsive behavior, solve problems and cope with stress in everyday life. In addition, the doctor helps to improve self-esteem , often reduced with this disorder, to build relationships with family and friends.

Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is often used for ADHD, which teaches a person to become aware of their thoughts and emotions and change their behavior to be more adaptive. Moreover, it is also effective for the treatment of depression and chemical addictions, which often accompany attention deficit disorder.

In addition to this type of therapy, relaxation techniques can also be useful to help manage stress and reduce anxiety.

If a person with ADHD lives in a family, his relatives can also undergo psychotherapy to learn how to cope with his characteristics and help as much as possible.

Read also 🧠

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.