1. Read aloud (and make it fun)
The sooner you start reading to your child, the better. Although the newborn does not understand what you are saying, he can pick up the rhythm and intonation of the voice. In the future, his vocabulary will become richer than that of peers to whom parents did not read aloud. This is because the child will hear more variants of different words. And reading will teach you to better understand others.
Even if you are reading to a baby, do not approach this matter formally. Engage artistic abilities, and not just monotonously pronounce the text. If there are pictures in the book, show them when you read about the events they illustrate. An older child can be asked questions about what he has read – this will allow him to get involved in the process, activate memory and imagination. For example, ask which character he liked and why, offer to tell how he would have acted in the place of the character.
2. Consider the interests of the child
When choosing books, start from the interests of the child: this way he will understand that literature is a good tool to learn about things that fascinate him. For example, a kid who loves animals will love Sven Nordqvist’s fairy tales about old man Petson and his kitten Findus. And for a younger student who dreams of adventure , you can offer Gerald Durrell’s Journey to the Dinosaurs or Kir Bulychev’s cycle about Alice Selezneva. Give your child easy access to books. If you can’t buy them often, go to the library together.
Encourage your child to choose their own literature. Don’t worry if he’s only interested in comics, children’s magazines, or Harry Potter, and not Dostoevsky’s novels – the main thing is that he basically reads. You can gently encourage an interest in other literature, but you should not force him to read something for which he is not yet ready.
3. Keep track of your child’s leisure
On average, modern people process up to 74 GB of information per day. Scientists believe that 500 years ago an educated person consumed the same amount in a lifetime. Children who use smartphones and access the Internet from an early age also face a large amount of data. Books compete with cartoons , TikTok videos, mobile games – it’s no wonder that it’s hard for a child to choose reading. Try to limit the use of entertainment gadgets. So, it is advisable for children 2–5 years old to spend up to an hour a day on weekdays and up to three hours on weekends at the screen.
Add more interactive content to your reading. For example, in the fall, offer your child books dedicated to this season. You can follow the heroes to bake apple pies, collect herbarium and decorate the house. Look for coloring books with characters from books, come up with games based on your child’s favorite works – for example, on “The Adventures of Dunno and His Friends” or “Through the Looking Glass”. Show children that literature can be fun.
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